Africa is home to the greatest animal habitats on earth. To experience the diversity up close and personal is special. Once you have satisfied the need to see the big 5 (Elephant, Rhino, Buffalo, Lion and Leopard), there is so much more to discover. The impressive antelope, warthogs, zebra, giraffe, wildebeest and primates. Mongoose, squirrels, hyena, hippo, porcupine, rodents and bats. There is a lifetime of seeking and finding creatures large and small.

Take personal field notes assist you with recognition and comparisons later.

1. Decide which group the animals belongs.

2. Estimate the size and proportions of the bird or animal.

3. Look out for distinguishing features which assist with identification.

4. Check the distribution map to establish the likelihood of the animal’s occurrence.

5. Check the habitat preference of the bird or animal.

6. Make notes of the specific behavioral trait which may aid in identification.

Books are merely a stepping stone to where other minds have been.

Good field guides that are useful to take with you on your safari activity are a bird, mammal, tree, flower and insect guides which offer a quick and easy identification manual.

Other books are best consulted as a reference after animals have been observed.